How To Read A Wine Label?

When you’re reading a wine label, look for the name of the country the wine comes from. If it’s from Europe, it will also show which region it comes from, like Champagne. If it’s from somewhere else, it will show the type of grape used to make the wine, like Merlot.
The mandatory sentences on wine labels

  1. A brand name.
  2. Indication of class or type (table wine, dessert wine, or sparkling wine)
  3. The percentage of alcohol by volume (unless it’s implicit — for example, the statement table wine implies an alcohol content of less than 14 percent)
  4. Name and location of the bottler.

Produced by. – At least 75 percent of the wine was fermented at the address on the bottle,which is usually the winery.

Can you read a wine bottle label?

Its origin, the varietal, the vintage, and other details can tell you a lot about it before drinking it. But to gather this information, you must be able to read a wine bottle label. Unfortunately, this can be difficult because winemakers don’t use consistent designs with standardized information across the industry.

What does a wine label look like?

“Château Labet” is the name of the winery. The label shows you its logos (the estate logo on top and the wine logo next to the vintage) and its founding year. The next example is a Spanish bottle label. The most prominent element on this label is the wine name “Tinto Pesquera”.

How do you label a wine with a high alcohol content?

So a wine that is actually 13.5% alcohol by volume could be labeled 12% or 14% but not above 14%. Finally, a wine that is 14% or less alcohol by volume can be labeled table wine without any notation of the numeric alcohol content. Helpful Tip: The higher the alcohol content, the more you should pace yourself.

What information is listed on a wine label?

The most obvious information on a typical wine label is its producer or brand name, region of origin, vintage, and often the grape variety or blend the wine is made from.

How do you tell what year wine is?

Look out for the year the wine was produced on the wine label – this is called the ‘vintage’. If it’s not immediately clear on the front label, take a look on the neck of the bottle or on the reverse side. This year indicates the year in which the grapes were harvested. Vintages vary from year to year.

How do you identify wine?

How to Taste Wine

  1. Look. Check out the color, opacity, and viscosity (wine legs).
  2. Smell. When you first start smelling wine, think big to small.
  3. Taste. Taste is how we use our tongues to observe the wine, but also, once you swallow the wine, the aromas may change because you’re receiving them retro-nasally.
  4. Think.

What are the three general categories of wine labeling?


There are basically three ways to label a bottle of wine: 1) by region, 2) by varietal, 3) make something up.

What does appellation mean in wine?

Wine appellation refers to a legally determined and protected wine region. These regions are thought to produce the best quality wine in the world. While these days, not everyone agrees with this (some argue these wines are not worth their large price tags), the wines from these regions are sought after.

How do you tell if a wine is dry by the label?

When reading a tech sheet:

  1. Below 1% sweetness, wines are considered dry.
  2. Above 3% sweetness, wines taste “off-dry,” or semi-sweet.
  3. Wines above 5% sweetness are noticeably sweet!
  4. Dessert wines start at around 7–9% sweetness.
  5. By the way, 1% sweetness is equal to 10 g/L residual sugar (RS).

How can you tell a good bottle of wine?

So next time you want to know if a wine is good, crack open the bottle and consider these 4 elements: smell, balance, depth of flavor, and finish and you’ll know immediately if it’s a good wine – and that’s worth drinking to! Cheers!

How can you tell if wine is vintage?

Wine vintage refers to the year grapes were harvested. Finding a bottle’s vintage is relatively straightforward. Simply look for the year printed on the front of the bottle. This number tells you when the grapes inside were ripened, plucked and perfected for drinkers like you to enjoy.

What are the numbers on the bottom of a wine bottle?

In most cases, one- or two-digit numbers are actually mold numbers that indicate the specific bottle mold or section in an automatic bottle machine. If numerous molds were identical, each one received its own number. Base numbers also indicate bottle styles or shapes, manufacturing dates, or factory location codes.

What does 5 Puttonyos mean?

A 5-puttonyos Tokaji would have at least 12 to 15 percent residual sugar and be about as sweet and concentrated as a German beerenauslese.

What number is dry white wine?

White Wine Sweetness Chart

White Wine Sweetness White Wine Varieties (Click a wine name for a description and food pairings)
Very Dry (0/00) Chenin BlancPinot Grigio
Off Dry (1-2) ChardonnayPinot GrisSauvignon BlancSemillon
Medium (3-4) GewurztraminerMoscato/MuscatRiesling
Sweet (5-6) Sauternes

What are the 5 S’s of wine tasting?

The Five S’s of Wine Tasting: See – Swirl – Sniff – Sip – Savor

  • See the Color. A wine’s color is better judged by putting it against a white background.
  • Swirl. Without having tasted the wines, one does not know if, for example a white wine is heavy or light.
  • Sniff.
  • Sip.
  • Savor.

How do you compare wines?

So, to recap: red wine is red because it was fermented with the skins, making it more tannic. White wine has less tannin, and is more acidic. Dessert wines have higher alcohol content and are usually sweeter, and sparkling wine has bubbles.

What type of wine is Merlot?

Merlot is one of the world’s most popular red wines, and America’s second favorite after Cabernet Sauvignon. Known for its soft, sensual texture and approachable style, it’s made from red-skinned grapes that can adapt to a variety of climates to produce food-friendly wines in many price points.

What does a wine label tell you?

  • Brand Name — mandatory. This tells you who makes the wine.
  • Wine Type — mandatory. This tells you what you’re drinking.
  • Appellation of Origin — mandatory.
  • Vintage — optional.
  • Fanciful Name — optional.
  • Special Designation — optional.
  • Vineyard Designation — optional.
  • Estate Bottled — optional.
  • Alcohol Content — mandatory.

How to read a wine label by appellation and varietal?

Wines using varietal names must derive at least 75% of their volume from the grape designated, and the varietal name must appear on the label with an appellation of origin. Although not required, many wineries voluntarily list the proportions of the grape varieties that comprise their wine blends.

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